Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a nervousness turmoil that can take place after one has been gone through a distressing incident. A traumatic incident is generally terrible and frightening that you witness or that occur to you. All through such events, one thinks that his/her life or their near and dear’s lives are at risk. One may also sense frightened or thinks that they have no direct power over what is occurring.Anyone who has experienced a life-threatening incident can build up PTSD. Such events include:
- War or armed forces experience
- Physical abuse
- Attacks by Terrorists
- Sexual or physical attack
- Severe accidents, such as a car break.
- Natural calamities, such as fire, cyclone, storm, flood, or volcanic activity.
There are five types of PTSD, they include;
- Normal Stress Response which mostly occurs in adults who have lived well up to when they experience a traumatic scenario such as emotional disconnect.
- Acute Stress Disorder which occurs when a person encounters a threatening situation that might affect their wellbeing such as unemployment
- Uncomplicated PTSD this type of PTSD occurs to people who are used to encountering traumatic events.
- Comorbid PTSD is a common type of PTSD which occurs mostly to people with an unstable mental condition that affects their lives directly that it causes the trauma.
- Complex PTSD is another common type of PSTD that happens to people who have for a long time exposed to traumatic experiences.
Subsequent to the event, you may feel frightened, perplexed, or annoyed. If these emotions do not go away or they get shoddier, you may develop PTSD. The chances of getting PTSD depends on several things, such as:
- How severe the distress was or how long it lasted
- If you lost some near one
- How close you were to the incident
- How strong was your response
- How much control you have on your actions
- How much assistance and support you receive after the incident
- PTSD Symptoms
There are four types of PTSD symptoms.
1. Reliving the incident (also known as re-experiencing symptoms).
Terrible reminiscences of the traumatic incident can be felt back any time. You may experience the same terror and repulsion that you had at the time of the happening of an actual event. One may have nightmares. You even may sense like you are re-living the event, also known as a flashback. For example: On reading news report of a sexual assault may bring back those terrible memories of assault for a woman who has gone through this an example of mental PSTD.
2. Stay away from situations that take you back to the dreadful incident.
You may endeavor to stay away from places or people that activate memoirs of the traumatic incident. You may even avoid talking or thinking about the happening. For example, A person who faced a severe earthquake may steer clear of watching television shows or movies showing scenes of earthquakes this an example of physical PTSD.
Another way to avoid bad memories of a terrifying incident is when victims find it hard to express their mindset and feelings. In such cases, victims like to stay away from relationships and relatives and do not possess any positive feelings. For example, You may not feel interested in doing activities that you used to enjoy a lot before the traumatic event.
4. State of hyperarousal
You may feel stressed out, or always vigilant and on the sentinel of threat. This state is referred as hyperarousal. It can cause you to be
- Abrupt and turn into irritated or short-tempered person
- Insomniac, i.e. Having a hard time sleeping
- Inattentive i.e. getting trouble concentrating
- Extra vigilant for your safety and always feel on guard
- Very Startled at things that surprise you
It is normal to display some of these warning signs after a terrible event. When the symptoms disappear after a few weeks, it may earn the name acute stress disorder. On the other hand, if it takes a few weeks or more and turns out to be a perennial problem, it could be a post-traumatic stress disorder.
There are a variety of medications that have been used to treat PTSD. They have shown that they are helpful in reducing sadness and worry. If you are depressed, you may not have enough of the chemical called serotonin. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are a type of antidepressants that increase serotonin levels in your brain. Other types of medications were also successful. Talk to your doctor to determine if medications might be helpful to you.